Curriculum Access for Students with Low-Incidence Disabilities: The Promise of UDL
Appendix B: Principles of Universal Design for Instruction (UDI)
|Principle 1: Equitable use||Instruction is designed to be useful to and accessible by people with diverse abilities.|
Provide the same means of use for all students: identical whenever possible, equivalent when not.
|Principle 2: Flexibility in use||Instruction is designed to accommodate a wide range of individual abilities.|
Provide choice in methods of use.
|Principle 3: Simple and intuitive use||Instruction is designed in a straightforward and predictable manner, regardless of a student's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.|
Eliminate unnecessary complexity.
|Principle 4: Perceptible information||Instruction is designed so that necessary information is communicated effectively to students, regardless of ambient conditions or students' sensory abilities.|
|Principle 5: Tolerance for error||Instruction anticipates variation in individual student learning pace and required skills.|
|Principle 6: Low physical effort||Instruction is designed to minimize inessential physical effort in order to allow maximum attention to learning.|
Note: This principle does not apply when physical effort is integral to essential requirements of a course.
|Principle 7: Size and space for approach and use||Instruction is designed with consideration for appropriate size and space for approach, reach, manipulations, and use, regardless of a student's body size, posture, mobility, and communication needs.|
|Principle 8: A community of learners||The instructional environment promotes interaction and communication among students and between students and faculty.|
|Principle 9: Instructional climate||Instruction is designed to be welcoming and inclusive. High expectations are espoused for all students.|
Scott, S., Shaw, S., & McGuire, J. (2001). Principles of Universal Design for Instruction. Storrs, CT: Univesity of Connecticut Center on Postsecondary Education and Disability.